Thrissur is known as the cultural capital of Kerala, and the land of Poorams. Thrissur is a revenue district of Kerala situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 3,032 km2, Thrissur district is home to over 10% of Kerala’s population. Thrissur district is bordered by the districts of Palakkad and Malappuram to the north, and the districts of Ernakulam and Idukki to the south. The Arabian Sea lies to the west and Western Ghats stretches towards the east. It is situated in southwestern India (10.52°N 76.21°E) and is in the central part of Kerala. According to the 2011 census Thrissur district has a population of 3,110,327. This gives it a ranking of 113th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,026 inhabitants per square kilomet re (2,660/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 4.58%. Thrissur has a sex ratio of 1109 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 95.32%.